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RETINA CARE

St. Lucy's Eye Surgery Center

Community Eye Center and St. Lucy’s Eye Surgery Center are both committed to excellence in the medical and surgical treatment of retina, macula and vitreous diseases. Our board certified Ophthalmologist, Dr. Sunil M. Malkani is an independent Retinal Surgeon that offers state of the art treatment options to our patients in our facility for a variety of eye problems, including:

  • Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD)
  • Retinal Detachments and Tears
  • Macular HolesDr. Malkani
  • Macular Edema
  • Diabetic Retinopathy
  • Epiretinal Membrane (Wrinkled Retina)
  • Choroidal Nevus (Freckle)
  • Vitreous Hemorrhages
  • Artery/Vein Occlusion
  • Central Serous Retinopathy
  • Vitreomacular Traction

Addressing serious problems with compassionate care, Community Eye Center Retina strives to apply our state-of-the-art medical and surgical skills with a thoughtful, human touch.

Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration if the leading cause of severe vision loss in people over the age of 60. It occurs when the small central portion of the retina, known as the macula, deteriorates. The retina is the light- sensing nerve tissue at the back of the eye. Because the disease develops as a person ages, it is often referred to as age-related macular degeneration. Although macular degeneration is almost never a totally blinding condition, it can be a source of significant visual disability.

There are two main types of age-related macular degeneration: Wet and Dry.

The dry for occurs when the light- sensitive cells in the macula gradually break down, resulting in distortion of sharp, central vision. When this form becomes advanced, it can result in the wet form of the disease. Blood vessels in the eye begin to leak blood and fluid. Loss of vision can happen very quickly.

Symptoms can include wavy or distorted vision, “blindspots” in vision… dark, blurry areas in the center of vision and diminished or changed color perception. Any of these changes warrant a prompt visit to you physician.

When AMD is diagnosed and treated in its early and intermediate stages, vision loss can often be slowed and the risk of its progression to the wet form reduced. While there are numerous medications and treatments available, treatment has to be aimed at the patients specific manifestation of the disease. Seven different forms of the disease exist and no one treatment is effective for every patient.

Years ago, AMD often resulted in legal blindness. However, new treatments have produced much better outcomes. Healthy choices can also help the prevention of developing this disease.

Diabetic Retinopathy

More than 24 million people – eight percent of the population – have diabetes. Diabetes is a form of vascular disease. Elevated levels of blood sugar over a long period of time can result in damage to the eyes blood vessels and retina, impairing vision. If left untreated, the eye’s macula can be damaged.

Diabetic retinopathy can lead to poor vision and even blindness. Most of the time, it gets worse over many years. At first, the blood vessels in the eye get weak. This can lead to blood and other liquid leaking into the retina from the blood vessels. This is call nonproliferative retinopathy. And this is the most common retinopathy. If the fluid leaks into the center of the eye, you may have blurry vision. Most people with nonproliferative retinopathy have no systems.

If blood sugar levels stay high, diabetic retinopathy will keep getting worse. New blood vessels grow on the retina. This may sound good, but these new blood vessels are weak. They can break open very easily, even while sleeping. If they break open, blood can leak into the middle part of the eye in front of the retina and change the vision. This bleeding can also cause scar tissue to form. Sometimes people don’t have symptoms until it is too late to treat them. This is why having eye exams regularly is so important.

When problems are detected early, a simple laser procedure can seal up leaky blood vessels in the eye.

Flashes and Floaters

Vision changes can indicate a serious problem with the tissue that lines the back of the eyeball (retina) optic nerve or blood vessels in the eye. Evaluation by a one of our doctors is needed for sudden vision changes, such as:

Flashes of light (photopsia). Photopsia is brief but recurrent streaks, sparks, or flickers of light, particularly when you move your eyes or head. The flashes of light may be easier to see when you look toward a dark background. The brief flashes may occur with retinal detachment.

Floaters, which are shadows or dark objects that float across your visual field. Sudden development of floaters may be a sign of a retinal tear.

A dark curtain or veil across part of your visual field…may occur with retinal detachment.

Partial or complete vision loss in one or both eyes could all occur with retinal detachment.

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